The site selected for the project in Bangladesh is located in the southern part of the country, close to the cities of Jessore and Barisal. It belongs to the Northern hemisphere and covers an area of 22,000 km².
The climate is subtropical including monsoon periods, whereas winter months are dry and sunny.
The main crops observed in this area are maize, wheat, mung bean, grass peas and jute during the winter season and rice both during winter and summer.
The growing season depends on the crop type:
- It ranges from November to April for “boro” rice (a cultivar generally planted in spring), maize, wheat, mung bean and grass pea;
- From April to July, other rice species can be found, as well as jute;
- From July to November, rice is the most common crop.
As far as cropping practices are concerned, winter crops are predominantly irrigated – except for legumes – whereas rice grown during summer is rainfed.
The site manager for the Bengali site is the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT).