The site selected for the project in Sudan and South Sudan stretches over both countries and is actually made up of:
- The White Nile State, which belongs to Sudan, in the north;
- The northern part of the Upper Nile State, which belongs to South Sudan, in the south.
The climate is continental.
The main crops grown in both parts are sorghum, wheat, millet and sesame. These crops can be either rainfed or for some of them irrigated. Agriculture in this area is partly mechanized and a sugarcane agroindustry also exists.
The growing season ranges from April to November, with a land preparation period in April/May followed by planting in July or early August. Harvest occurs in Novermber at the latest.
Depending of the crop type, the field size widely varies from 1 to 50 ha.
It should also be noticed that due to security reasons, the accessibility to South Sudan is limited.
The activities related to field data collection and product assessment are ensured by the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MAI) of Sudan for the site part lo located in Sudan and by the World Food Programme (WFP) for the site part located in South Sudan.